Get closer – look for the details
Most people don’t get close enough to their subject. When I give my camera to someone to take a picture of me or my family, often times they back up from where I originally was standing and framing my photograph. Too much space is left around the outside of the subject.
So what the photographer can do is select a subject and capture an image. Then step closer and take another image. Then step closer still and capture another image. By this point you might have to decide which part of the image to capture. Look for the picture within a picture. Continue to get closer until your camera can’t focus any closer.
18-200mm lens @ 18mm, 1/20 @ f3.5, ISO 400
I picked a subject – this hand washing station in Koya San, Japan.
18-200mm lens @ 18mm, 1/30 @ f3.5, ISO 400
Get closer – find a detail of the original image that you are interested in. I chose an angle which included the three water scoops.
18-200mm lens @ 40mm, 1/40 @ f4.5, ISO 400
Get even closer – find a detail that interests you. I focused in on one of the water scoops.
18-200mm lens @ 200mm, 1/10 @ f5.6, ISO 400
And get even closer. I really liked the drops of water and choosing a longer focal length allowed me to blur the background and isolate the subject.
People who really enjoy doing this eventually are the people who purchase macro lenses because they like finding the details or pictures within a picture. When I bought my first camera, the lens I purchased for it was an all purpose zoom lens. The second lens I bought was a macro lens because I enjoyed taking close up pictures and looking for the picture within a picture.
90mm lens, 1/100 @ f 11, ISO 400
Lenses can only focus so close. Macro lenses allow the photographer to focus very closely. They have very limited depth of field and focusing using autofocus may not be possible. I prefer to use manual focus and move the camera back and forth until the subject is in focus. This image was the best of about 20 I took of the bee and the flower. The vast majority of them with blurry because the bee moved or was out of my plane of focus.